Takata Corporation issued its original airbag recall in 2013 following a series of deaths and injuries. Components meant to inflate the airbags exploded, sending metal shards into drivers and passengers. As of March 2019, defective airbag inflators had killed at least 24 people and injured 300 others worldwide, according to Consumer Reports.

The 2013 recall affected 3.6 million vehicles, but it was just the first of several. By April 2019, additional recalls had increased the total to 41.6 million vehicles fitted with 56 million Takata airbags. More recalls are expected, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that number will grow to 65 million to 70 million airbags by the end of 2019.

Takata had about 20 percent of the global airbag market around the time of the recall and was one of the three largest suppliers of the devices in the world. At least 34 makes of cars, from Fords to Ferraris, are affected by the recall. If you own one of the affected vehicles, you can have the airbags fixed free of charge.

Exploding Airbags

During a crash, a device called an airbag inflator ignites a chemical explosive. Manufacturers use different kinds of chemicals in their products but all burn quickly and generate a harmless gas, usually either nitrogen or argon. The gas inflates a nylon bag to protect the driver or passengers.

But there were problems with inflators built at Takata’s plant in Coahuila, Mexico. Takata used ammonium nitrate as the explosive compound in its airbags. This was the same explosive used in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. Takata improperly handled and stored the chemical at the Coahuila factory. This caused some of the ammonium nitrate to become unstable.

Infographic about how air bags works during inflation
Expand
When the crash sensor is triggered, the airbag inflator ignites a chemical explosive and nitrogen gas inflates a nylon bag. Source: HowStuffWorks

Takata was the only airbag manufacturer to use ammonium nitrate, according to a 2014 Bloomberg report. The chemical allowed Takata to make smaller airbags than its competitors, but it has serious drawbacks.

Ammonium nitrate becomes unstable if it’s exposed to excessive heat or humidity, causing it to explode. The explosions could turn inflators’ metal casings into flying shrapnel that can injure and kill drivers and passengers.

Heat and humidity problems put airbags in vehicles in Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Southeastern United States at a higher risk of exploding, according to a 2018 report in Fortune magazine. The first six reports of explosions in the United States that federal regulators received were all from either Puerto Rico or Florida, according to a 2014 article in The New York Times. All of the reports came in before the first recall was announced.

There are also reports of the airbags exploding during low speed, parking lot fender-benders and even when a car simply stopped for a red light.

Is Your Car Part of the Recall?

You should receive a first class letter from the manufacturer if your car is part of the Takata airbag recall.

If you haven’t received a letter, or think you may have thrown it away, you can enter your vehicle identification number, or VIN, into the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s database to find out if your car is part of the recall. You can find your VIN on the corner of your car’s dash near the windshield.

Be aware that your car may be part of a recall but not show up in the search in some cases. VINs for vehicles affected by newly announced recalls may not have been added to the database yet, and recalls more than 15 years old are not included.

If your car may be affected, you should check back from time to time for updated recalls or sign up for recall email updates from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Recall List

The recall affects nearly three dozen carmakers, and more than 180 different models. Model years range from 2000 to at least 2018, depending on the make and model affected.

Car Brands Equipped with Recalled Airbags
  • Acura
  • Audi
  • BMW
  • Cadillac
  • Chevrolet
  • Chrysler
  • Daimler Trucks (Sterling Bullet)
  • Daimler Vans (Sprinter)
  • Dodge/Ram
  • Ferrari
  • Fisker
  • Ford
  • GMC
  • Honda
  • Infiniti
  • Jaguar
  • Jeep
  • Land Rover
  • Lexus
  • Lincoln
  • Mazda
  • McLaren
  • Mercedes-Benz
  • Mercury
  • Mitsubishi
  • Nissan
  • Pontiac
  • Saab
  • Saturn
  • Scion
  • Subaru
  • Tesla
  • Toyota
  • Volkswagen

Cars, pickup trucks, SUVs, vans and commercial trucks are included in the lengthy list. More vehicles could be added through at least 2020.

What to Do If Your Car Is Under Recall

If your vehicle is part of the recall, the manufacturer has to fix it free of charge. A dealer cannot charge you for repairs needed under the Takata recall or any other safety recall. If a dealership asks for money, contact the manufacturer immediately.

You will have to schedule an appointment to have the work done. Because of the millions of vehicles affected, carmakers and federal regulators prioritized repairs based on the risk of injury or death. Older cars and those exposed to greater heat and humidity have the highest priority.

If you have the recall letter, make sure to have it handy when you call to schedule repairs. And take it with you to the dealership when you show up for your appointment. It may save time and confusion, but it’s not necessary in order to have your car fixed.

Some of the recalled vehicles are models that were discontinued as carmakers reorganized in the wake of the 2008 recession, so some dealerships for specific models no longer exist. If your car is a Pontiac, Saturn or Saab, it was manufactured by General Motors. You can find out more information from GM’s recall center. Mercury owners can schedule repairs using Ford’s Takata Airbag Recall webpage.

Is Your Car Safe to Drive?

If your car is under recall, you should contact your dealership to see if it’s safe to keep driving it without a fix. Some manufacturers have warned against letting anyone ride in the front passenger seat.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says “the vast majority” of Takata airbags will function normally. But some vehicles are at a much higher risk and should be repaired before driving.

Ford and Mazda advise owners not to drive 2006 Ford Ranger and Mazda B-Series pickups. Stop driving and contact your dealership immediately. It will provide free towing and a loaner vehicle.

If you have a 2001 to 2003 Honda or Acura, you should immediately contact your dealership or call Honda at 844-758-9245. Honda recommends only driving the vehicle to take it in for repair.

Recall Fallout

The cost of recalls and related lawsuits forced Takata to declare bankruptcy in 2017. United States-based Key Safety Systems purchased the Japanese company for $1.6 billion.

As part of its bankruptcy agreements, Takata set up a trust fund to settle current and future claims of deaths and injuries from its airbags. Payments are based on the type and extent of injury and range up to $5 million for death or loss of vision.

Automakers have also paid hundreds of millions of dollars to settle lawsuits filed against them. Ford agreed in 2018 to pay nearly $300 million just for consumers’ economic losses. BMW, Subaru, Mazda and Toyota agreed to a $533 million settlement in 2017. Nissan settled lawsuits against it for $98 million that same year.

Last Modified: May 8, 2019

17 Cited Research Articles

  1. Associated Press. (2017, June 26). Events Leading to Air Bag Maker Takata’s Bankruptcy Filing. Retrieved from https://www.apnews.com/bc1276ef8522483194e336d3f151c15e
  2. Barry, K. and Plungis, J. (2019, February 8). Takata Airbag Recall Adds More Than 1.7 Million Vehicles. Consumer Reports. Retrieved from https://www.consumerreports.org/car-recalls-defects/takata-airbag-recall-adds-more-vehicles/
  3. Bloomberg. (2018, July 17). Ford Will Pay $300 Million to Put the Takata Airbag Nightmare Behind It. Fortune. Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2018/07/17/ford-takata-airbag-deaths-bankruptcy/
  4. Consumer Reports. (2019, January 4,). Takata Airbag Recall: Everything You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://www.consumerreports.org/car-recalls-defects/takata-airbag-recall-everything-you-need-to-know/#brands
  5. Kelleher, K. (2018, August 30). Prolonged Exposure to Heat Is Making Takata Airbags Explode During a Crash, Prompting Recall. Fortune. Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2018/08/29/takata-airbags-recall-exploding-extreme-heat/
  6. Krisher, T. (2019, January 9). Toyota Recalls 1.7M Vehicles in N. America to Fix Air Bags. Associated Press. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/c1322b9b5cf6482e9e4ac972711ac56d
  7. Kubota, Y. and Klayman, B. (2014, June 11). Faulty Takata Air Bags Prompt Expanded Toyota Recall. Reuters. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-toyota-recall-idUSKBN0EM0F620140611
  8. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (n.d.). Safety Issues & Recalls. Retrieved from https://www.nhtsa.gov/recalls
  9. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (n.d.). Takata Recall Spotlight. Retrieved from https://www.nhtsa.gov/equipment/takata-recall-spotlight
  10. Office of the New Mexico Attorney General. (2017, January 24). Attorney General Balderas Sues Takata & 15 Automakers over Dangerous Airbags. News Release and Complaint. Retrieved from https://www.nmag.gov/uploads/PressRelease/48737699ae174b30ac51a7eb286e661f/Balderas_Sues_Takata___15_Automakers_over_Dangerous_Airbags.pdf
  11. Plungis, J. (2018, February 2018). After Takata’s Legal Hurdles, What’s Left for Victims? Consumer Reports. Retrieved from https://www.consumerreports.org/car-recalls-defects/takata-airbag-legal-settlement-trust-fund-compensation/
  12. Seidman, A. (2011, August 2). Homeland Security Plans to Regulate Bomb Fertilizer. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2011-aug-02-la-na-ammonium-nitrate-20110803-story.html
  13. Soble, J. (2017, June 25). Takata, Unable to Overcome Airbag Crisis, Files for Bankruptcy Protection. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/25/business/takata-japan-restructuring.html?_r=0
  14. Tabuchi, H. and Ivory, D. (2016, January 22). Takata Airbag Flaw Linked to 10th Death; 5 Million More Vehicles Recalled. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/23/business/takata-airbag-death-recall.html
  15. Tabuchi, H. and Jensen, C. (2014, June 23). Now the Air Bags Are Faulty, Too. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/24/business/international/honda-nissan-and-mazda-join-recall-over-faulty-air-bags.html?_r=0
  16. Taylor III, A. (2013, April 15). 10 Big Car Brands that Bit the Dust. Fortune. Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2013/04/15/10-big-car-brands-that-bit-the-dust/
  17. Trudell, C., Hagiwara, Y. and Jie, M. (2014, October 27). Air Bag Maker in Crisis Used Unique Chemical Explosive. Bloomberg/The Japan Times. Retrieved from https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/10/27/business/corporate-business/air-bag-maker-crisis-used-unique-chemical-explosive/#.XHg6MIjYqUk